DROUGHTS, floods, and sea level rise caused by climate change could displace millions of people from their land. Where will these climate migrants go? The South Asian nation of Bangladesh is grappling with that question. Joanna Kakissis reports.
He used to lead a good life, in this sunny village called Kalikabari. He farmed rice and sold enough of it to support his wife and three daughters. But over the past decade, he says, farming conditions have deteriorated.
“In recent years, our crops have stopped growing properly because of the excess salinity in the water. The water has no nutrients.”
Nearly all of the farmers in Kalikabari are losing their crops to salty water. There are many reasons for the problem. A large dam in neighboring India and water diversions for shrimp farming have reduced the flow of the nearby river. The coast is sinking as the land compacts. But many farmers say, and scientists agree, that a major culprit is climate change, which is raising the level of the sea.